Hedging and Screening Plants
Despite its bad reputation the “Leyland Cypress” is a very useful evergreen hedging and screening plant, having the fastest growth rate of up to 90cm a year. If kept to a maintainable height by cutting at least once a year it is a very economical screening solution. Regular clipping of the mid green, spray like citrus scented foliage, in midsummer and autumn, can make this a superb, dense, formal garden hedge, ideal as a windbreak and for noise reduction on any non-
Elaeagnus ‘Coastal Gold’
Large, bushy, evergreen, quick growing shrub with large dark green glossy leaves with striking yellow centres. Small, beautifully fragrant silver flowers in Autumn. Ideal for hedges up to 3m. Hardy and particularly suited to coastal areas in sun or partial shade.
The “Oleaster” is a tough evergreen shrub with green leaves that have small silver spots and silvery-
This “Oleaster” variety is strong growing variegated evergreen shrub with broad and leathery dark green leaves with striking lime green to yellow variegation at the centre. It is fully hardy and will tolerate dry soil, growing in full sun or partial shade. Its growth is average to fast and it has small deliciously scented creamy white flowers in the autumn followed, occasionally by orange fruits in the spring. Ideal for hedges up to 2.5m. Hardy and particularly suited to coastal exposure.
Escallonia macrantha Rubra ‘Crimson Spire’
This is a Cornish raised cultivar of the native Chilean “Gum Box”. It is one of the fastest growing broadleaf evergreen hedging plants. With dark-
This is a Cornish raised cultivar of the native Chilean “Gum Box”. It is a vigorous medium-
The “Japanese Spindle” is an evergreen dense, bushy shrub or erect small tree which will form an excellent evergreen hedge especially in exposed conditions. Narrowly oval, toothed, leathery leaves to 6cm long. Unpruned will grow to 4 metres.
Euonymus japonicus ‘Bravo’
This “Japanese Spindle” cultivar is an evergreen dense, bushy shrub with narrowly oval, toothed, leathery green 6cm long leaves margined with creamy yellow, fading to cream. It will form a bright and colourful low (up to 1.5m) evergreen hedge in sun or partial shade. Prefers well drained soil. Trim in April.
Euonymus japonicus ‘Aureopictus’
This “Japanese Spindle” cultivar is a dense, bushy, evergreen shrub with oval, glossy, dark green leaves with a central golden mark. Small green flowers bloom in summer and are occasionally followed by fruit in autumn. It will form a bright and colourful low (up to 1.2m) evergreen hedge in sun or partial shade. Prefers well drained soil. Trim in April.
The “Kapuka” is a broadleaved evergreen, native to New Zealand. It is well-
Griselinia littoralis ‘Green Horizon’
This new “Kapuka” hybrid is similar to the standard Griselinia littoralis, but with deeper green and oval glossy foliage. It is a fast growing evergreen, hardy to at least -
Griselinia littoralis ‘Variegata’
This “Kapuka” hybrid is a slower growing Griselinia with attractive irregularly margined cream leaves streaked with grey and green. It grows about 20cm a year, making it very suitable for smaller sized hedges of 1 to 2m tall. It will withstand salt laden winds but not right on the seafront.
Ilex aquifolium ‘Argentea Marginata’
This “Holly” has bright silver margined dark green prickly foliage which is purplish-
Ilex altaclarensis ‘Hodginsii’
The “Highclere Holly” has large dark green only slightly spiny leaves on stout purplish stems, which show up the small white flowers in late spring. It makes an excellent, slow growing (15 -
Ilex crenata ‘Convexa’
The handsome “Japanese holly” is a tiny dark, glossy, green leaved and slow growing hardy evergreen. It will grow to about 4 metres tall eventually if un-
Ilex maximowicziana ‘Kanehirae’
This “Japanese holly” is is the best buxus substitute with its beautiful dark-
“Bay Laurel” is one of the oldest shrubs in cultivation, it originates from the Mediterranean, is also known as Sweet Bay and of course it is the source of the bay leaves used fresh or dried in cooking. Its aromatic glossy dark green leaves make it a beautiful plant for hedging, topiary or as a specimen. It is fully evergreen, likes a fertile, moist well drained soil and sun or partial shade. Hedges up to 3 m require a light trim in spring or summer to keep them in shape. Unpruned can grow to 6m. Can partially defoliate in positions exposed to cold winds during winter.
“Privet” is a widely grown evergreen/semi evergreen, meaning that it is generally evergreen but may lose some or all of its leaves in very hard winters although it shoots right back again in Spring. Privet has rich green leaves and forms creamy white flowers in July, which are attractive to butterflies and birds, but are generally clipped away. Privet is almost indestructible once established and a very popular choice. It is quite fast growing (approx 30cm per year) and should be trimmed a couple of times during the summer to encourage the formation of a dense, formal garden hedge of 1 to 3m tall. Resistant to pollution and therefore popular in urban and suburban gardens. Privet will grow well virtually anywhere other than wet sites and is suitable for coastal situations although it may defoliate a bit in Winter near the coast.
Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’
The “Waxleaf Privet” is an interesting cultivar of Japanese privet, it is smaller than the species with dark-
The “Chinese Privet” is the most common evergreen tree in Hupeh province from where it comes. It has glossy oval pointed dark green leaves and large bunches of white flowers in August and September. Un pruned, will make a handsome screening tree of up to 6 metres but clipped into a hedge, can be maintained at 2 to 3 metres. This species will withstand drought, but grows best if irrigated during prolonged dry spells. All Privet begin forming the buds for next year’s flowers soon after the current season’s blossoms fade. To avoid shearing off the young buds, prune the plants right after they flower. Prune to control the height and prevent the plant from overreaching its bounds, it will tolerate severe pruning.
Osmanthus x burkwoodii is a lovely dense dark green evergreen hedging plant with the bonus of fragrant jasmine-
Photinia ‘Red Select’
Photinia x fraseri 'Red Select' is an evergreen shrub, similar to Photinia 'Red Robin' but more compact and with the new leaves emerging a deeper red colour. If planted in full sun, it produces rounded clusters of tiny white flowers in spring. A shrub with year-
Photinia robusta compacta
This new variety of Photinia is in between the traditional Red Robin and the Little Red Robin. It has smaller leaves than the Red Robin but has an upright, tidier habit than Little Red Robin, which if left uncut tends to get a bit loose in nature. In the Spring the new leaves and stems emerge as a deep red and then gradually fade through the season to green. If the shrub is regularly trimmed in late spring or summer it will make a very nice, dense, interesting evergreen hedge of up to 3metres tall. Best planted in full sun or partial shade, bears white flowers in April to May.
This evergreen is a native of New Zealand, It makes an erect shrub with gloss wavy-
Pittosporum ‘Abbotsbury Gold’
Grown for their glossy evergreen foliage which is usually rounded or slightly oval and splashed golden used by flower arrangers, these excellent plants look great with palms and ferns adding colour and contrast, but also as specimens in tubs. They trim beautifully into basic shapes and. Will grow in most soils except very wet. In cold areas shelter from strong winds, in coastal regions they make good hedges and wind breaks. Trim in spring and mid-
Pittosporum ‘Tom Thumb’
This dense, compact, evergreen shrub has a small, wavy, dark purple leaves contrasting with light green young growth and striking, dark grey or black young stems. With its distinctive rounded shape, it will give all-
Prunus laurocerasus ‘Etna’
This fantastic, dense, evergreen Laurel is an ideal hedging plant, It has darker green foliage than Common Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus ‘Rotundifolia’) and has the added attraction that the new growth appears bronzed-
Prunus laurocerasus ‘Rotundifolia’
The “Common or Cherry Laurel” is a vigorous, dense evergreen shrub with large, glossy green leaves, which makes an ideal hedge. In spring, upright spikes of white flowers contrast well against the foliage, later in the year black cherry like fruit appear. The fast growth rate of 30-
Prunus lusitanica ‘Angustifolia’
This form of “Portuguese Laurel” has dark green, pointed, glossy leaves on maroon stems and has a classical quality to it that makes it ideal for formal situations. Its fragrant white flower spikes attract bees and butterflies when they appear in summer and are followed by small red fruits which are loved by birds, which turn black in autumn. It is easy to grow in all soils and situations including dry shade and is a particularly good choice for chalk soils. Portuguese Laurel is very hardy but may suffer windburn if planted in coastal or very exposed situations. This cultivar has a medium growth rate so it is quite easy to maintain as a hedge or clip into shapes and should only need one trim per year in late summer. Will grow to 5 metres if left un-
The originally Mediterranean “Holm Oak” or “Holly Oak” is a lush evergreen tree that will grow in any well drained soil and is equally happy growing right by the sea or in the middle of a city. Its dark-
Our native “English Yew” is the classic conifer hedge plant for our climate and is often referred to as King of Hedges. It is a dense, dark, evergreen species with bright green spring growth and autumnal red fruits which are much sought after by birds but harmful to humans, pets and livestock. It is often thought to be very slow growing but actually normally grows by 30cm a year, so not as slow as many people think. Once it reaches its desired height, usually between 1 and 4 metres it is easy to maintain with a cut in summer or early autumn. Yew plants needs plenty of water in the first couple of seasons but should not sit in waterlogged soil. If you are concerned that you have clay, wet soil, please improve the drainage when planting. Apart from its requirement for water, it is very easy to grow, shade tolerant, very hardy, and likes all soils.
Thuja plicata ‘Atrovirens’
This form of “Western Red Cedar” (misleadingly not a cedar at all) is a coniferous evergreen which can be utilised as an excellent alternative to Cupressocyparis leylandii, where a large fast growing evergreen screen or barrier is required. It may be slightly slower growing but has the benefit of maintaining its density when harshly pruned and will re shoot on hard pruned bare branches. Grows on any non-
Thuja occidentalis ‘Brabant’
This form of “White Cedar” (misleadingly not a cedar at all) is a coniferous evergreen whose compact growth habit makes it ideal for hedging purposes but also forms a neatly shaped pyramidal specimen. Light, yellowish-
“Laurustinus” is an excellent evergreen shrub that forms a dense informal hedge up to 3-
Viburnum tinus “Eve Price”
This popular form of “Laurustinus” is denser and more compact than the species. Flattened heads of pinkish-